The College of Science was established by Supreme Decree No. 7/10522 / B on 12th of June 2002 to include four academic Departments: Biology, Chemistry, Physics and Mathematics and statistics. These Departments were included earlier in the College of Education, providing four educational Bachelor's degree in the above four majors as well as two Master's degree, Mathematics and Physics. During the academic year 2013-2014, a new master's program was introduced in Chemistry, followed by three master's programs in the academic year 2016/2017 from the Department of Biological Sciences in the fields of Zoology, Botany and Microbiology. Accordingly, the College awards four Bachelor's degrees, Chemistry, Physics, Biology and Mathematics and statistics beside six master's degrees in Physics, Mathematics, Chemistry, Zoology, Botany and Microbiology. The College is currently working on offering new PhD programs for all scientific specialties in addition to some higher diploma programs according to the needs of the labor market. Furthermore, the College provides an extensive out-of-College support to other colleges of the University, including the colleges of Medicine, Veterinary Medicine, Agricultural and Nutritional Sciences, Computer Sciences, Pharmaceutical Sciences, Engineering and Education. In addition to the College Deanship, the College administration consists of several Vice-Deans and administrators to organize the academic work efficiently. Three Vice-Deans are found in the male Section, the Academic Affairs, Graduate Studies and Research and Development and Community Service. One Vice-Dean exists in the female section for the Academic and Administrative Affairs and includes two administration units, for administrative and technical affairs.
The College has more than 400 of faculty members, lecturers and demonstrators as well as more than 80 technicians and administrative staff contributing in the service of the educational process. The College also has more than 4,000 male and female students in all scientific disciplines for Bachelor's and master's degrees.
The College contains developed academic halls such as smart classrooms, TV broadcasting classrooms beside teaching and research laboratories. These teaching rooms and laboratories became more appropriate after moving to the new building, where they contain sophisticated scientific devices to help the student in learning process and professors in scientific research. As a part of its plan of development, the new students of the College of Science joined the preparatory year starting from the first semester of the academic year 2018/2019.
The College periodically reviews its education plans. The four Departments at the College have recently revised their curricula in order to keep abreast of recent developments in the fields of science. The objective of this development is to provide the society with graduates who are able to cope labor market needs as well as, for getting local and international academic accreditation to its programs for better quality and effectiveness. The College is reviewing its research orientations and strategies for the coming years to keep them aligned with the vision of the Kingdom 2030 to serve national issues in different scientific fields and to join advanced research fields such as energy, health, nanotechnology and food security. In this regard, the College is interested in community partnership, where the College offers many activities related to Community service by providing specialized training workshops for beneficiaries from some government sectors, allowing Pre-university education students to visit research laboratories and encouraging research that serves issues of environment and society. In addition, the college offers an important annual number of qualified graduates who participate in various scientific disciplines in the service of the community.